Antbirds

Female
Antbird Information

The antbirds occur in subtropical and tropical Central and South America.


Species

Subfamily N.N.: Basal antbirds

  • Genus Pygiptila
    • Spot-winged Antshrike, Pygiptila stellaris: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela

Subfamily Thamnophilinae: antshrikes and relatives

  • Genus Megastictus
    • Pearly Antshrike, Megastictus margaritatus: Found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. This bird species inhabits subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
  • Genus Thamnomanes
    • Saturnine Antshrike, Thamnomanes saturninus: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru
    • Dusky-throated Antshrike, Thamnomanes ardesiacus: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
    • Cinereous Antshrike, Thamnomanes caesius: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
    • Bluish-slate Antshrike, Thamnomanes schistogynus: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru
  • Genus Xenornis
    • Spiny-faced Antshrike, Xenornis setifrons: Found in Colombia and Panama.
  • Genus Dichrozona - Banded Antbird or Banded Antwren: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela
  • Genus Batara- Giant Antshrike: Found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay. This species is the largest species of antbird, measuring 34 cm long and weighing around 150 g.
  • Genus Mackenziaena
    • Tufted Antshrike, Mackenziaena severa: Found in Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay.
    • Large-tailed Antshrike, Mackenziaena leachii: Found in Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay.
  • Genus Cymbilaimus
    • Fasciated Antshrike, Cymbilaimus lineatus:
    • Bamboo Antshrike, Cymbilaimus sanctaemariae: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru.
  • Genus Frederickena
    • Black-throated Antshrike, Frederickena viridis: Found in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.
    • Undulated Antshrike, Frederickena unduligera: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
  • Genus Dysithamnus - antvireos (8 species)
    • Spot-breasted Antvireo, Dysithamnus stictothorax: Found in Argentina and Brazil.
    • Plain Antvireo, Dysithamnus mentalis
    • Streak-crowned Antvireo, Dysithamnus striaticeps
    • Spot-crowned Antvireo, Dysithamnus puncticeps: Found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, and Panama.
    • Rufous-backed Antvireo, Dysithamnus xanthopterus: It is endemic to Brazil.
    • White-spotted Antvireoor White-streaked Antvireo, Dysithamnus leucostictus: Found in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.
    • Plumbeous Antvireo, Dysithamnus plumbeus: Endemic to Brazil.
    • Bicolored Antvireo, Dysithamnus occidentalis: Found in Colombia and Ecuador.
  • Genus Herpsilochmus - wren-like antshrikes (15 species)
    • Ash-throated Antwren, Herpsilochmus parkeri: The Ash-throated Antwren was described as new to science in 1986. The first specimens were collected in northern Peru in 1983. It is found in humid upper tropical and subtropical forest in the eastern Andes of northern Peru.
    • Creamy-bellied Antwren, Herpsilochmus motacilloides: It is endemic to Peru.
    • Black-capped Antwren, Herpsilochmus atricapillus: Found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay.
    • Caatinga Antwren, Herpsilochmus sellowi: Endemic to Brazil.
    • Bahia Antwren or Pileated Antwren, Herpsilochmus pileatus: Endemic to Brazil.
    • Spot-tailed Antwren, Herpsilochmus sticturus: Found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.
    • Dugand's Antwren, Herpsilochmus dugandi: Found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru
    • Todd's Antwren, Herpsilochmus stictocephalus: Found in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.
    • Ancient Antwren, Herpsilochmus gentryi: Found in Ecuador and Peru
    • Spot-backed Antwren, Herpsilochmus dorsimaculatus: Found in Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela.
    • Roraiman Antwren, Herpsilochmus roraimae
    • Pectoral Antwren, Herpsilochmus pectoralis
    • Large-billed Antwren, Herpsilochmus longirostris: Found in Bolivia and Brazil
    • Yellow-breasted Antwren, Herpsilochmus axillaris: Found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
    • Rufous-winged Antwren, Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus

  • Genus Sakesphorus
    • Collared Antshrike, Sakesphorus bernardi
    • Black-crested Antshrike, Sakesphorus canadensis
    • Silvery-cheeked Antshrike, Sakesphorus cristatus: Endemic to Brazil.
    • Black-backed Antshrike, Sakesphorus melanonotus: Found in Colombia and Venezuela. It has recently been proposed that it more properly belongs to the genus Thamnophilus (Brumfield et al., 2007).
    • Band-tailed Antshrike, Sakesphorus melanothorax: Found in the eastern Guianas of Suriname and French Guiana mostly; also Brazil, Guyana, and Atlantic regions of the Amazon Basin, and some local regions upstream on the Amazon. It has recently been proposed that it more properly belongs to the genus Thamnophilus (Brumfield et al., 2007).
    • Glossy Antshrike, Sakesphorus luctuosus: Endemic to Brazil, and can only be found near the Amazon River's outlet at the western Atlantic Ocean, and mostly the southern side of the river-(except southern regions of Amapá state); its range extent west to east is about 3000 km (1,865 mi) in a contiguous region. The range includes the island at the river's mouth Marajó Island, Ilha de Marajo. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical swamps.
  • Genus Thamnophilus (possibly polyphyletic - derived from more than one ancestral type)

Subfamily N.N.: Typical antwrens and relatives

Tribe "Microrhopini"

  • Genus Neoctantes
    • Black Bushbird, Neoctantes niger: Found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

Tribe Formicivorini

  • Genus Myrmochanes
    • Black-and-white Antbird, Myrmochanes hemileucus: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
  • Genus Epinecrophylla (previously included in Myrmotherula, as the Stipple-throated group)
    • Brown-bellied Antwren, Epinecrophylla gutturalis: It was formerly placed in the genus Myrmotherula. It is found in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.
    • Checker-throated Antwren, Epinecrophylla fulviventris
    • White-eyed Antwren, Epinecrophylla leucophthalma: Formerly placed in the genus Myrmotherula. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru.
    • Foothill Antwren, Epinecrophylla spodionota: Found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
    • Stipple-throated Antwren, Epinecrophylla haematonota: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.
    • Brown-backed Antwren, Epinecrophylla fjeldsaai: Found in Ecuador and Peru.
    • Ornate Antwren, Epinecrophylla ornata
    • Rufous-tailed Antwren, Epinecrophylla erythrura: Found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
  • Genus Myrmotherula possibly paraphyletic (= some, but not all, of the descendants from a common ancestor)
  • Genus Stymphalornis
    • The Marsh Antwren or Paraná Antwren ( Stymphalornis acutirostris) is monotypic within the genus Stymphalornis, but possibly better included in Formicivora. It is endemic to marshes and swamps in the Brazilian states of Paraná and Santa Catarina. A closely related and rather similar taxon has recently been discovered near São Paulo, it already being known by the common name of São Paulo Antwren.

Tribe Pithyini

  • Genus Pithys
    • White-plumed Antbird, Pithys albifrons
    • White-masked Antbird, Pithys castanea: Endemic to Peru. This little-known bird is somewhat rare and declining.
  • Genus Skutchia
    • Pale-faced Antbird aka Pale-faced Bare-eye (misleading, as it lacks the bare eye-ring of Phlegopsis), Skutchia borbae: Endemic to the humid forest in the south-central Amazon in Brazil.
  • Genus Phlegopsis
    • Argus Bare-eye (Phlegopsis barringeri) (taxonomic validity questionable) : Known only from a single male specimen taken in 1951 in Colombia, its taxonomic validity is questionable, and most authorities do not recognize it, following Willis (1979) and Graves (1992), where it was shown to be a hybrid between the Black-spotted and the Reddish-winged Bare-eye.
    • Reddish-winged Bare-eye (Phlegopsis erythroptera): Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.
    • Black-spotted Bare-eye (Phlegopsis nigromaculata) : Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical swamps.
  • Genus Gymnopithys (4 species)
    • Rufous-throated Antbird, Gymnopithys rufigula: Found in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.
    • Bicolored Antbird, Gymnopithys leucaspis
    • Lunulated Antbird, Gymnopithys lunulata: Found in Ecuador and Peru
    • White-throated Antbird, Gymnopithys salvini: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru
  • Genus Rhegmatorhina
    • Harlequin Antbird (Rhegmatorhina berlepschi) : Endemic to Brazil.
    • Chestnut-crested Antbird (Rhegmatorhina cristata) : Found in Brazil and Colombia. It inhabits subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
    • Bare-eyed Antbird or Santarem Antbird (Rhegmatorhina gymnops): Endemic to Brazil.
    • White-breasted Antbird (Rhegmatorhina hoffmannsi) : Endemic to Brazil.
    • Hairy-crested Antbird (Rhegmatorhina melanosticta)
  • Genus Hypocnemis - warbling-antbirds (2-7 species)


Tribe Myrmecizini

  • Genus Percnostola
    • Allpahuayo Antbird (Percnostola arenarum): Endemic to Peru.
    • White-lined Antbird (Percnostola lophotes): Found in Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru.
    • Black-headed Antbird (Percnostola rufifrons) : Found in Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela
  • Genus Schistocichla (sometimes placed in Percnostola; 3-7 species)
  • Genus Myrmoborus
    • White-browed Antbird (Myrmoborus leucophrys) : Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
    • Ash-breasted Antbird (Myrmoborus lugubris) : Found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
    • Black-tailed Antbird (Myrmoborus melanurus): Endemic to Peru.
    • Black-faced Antbird (Myrmoborus myotherinus)
  • Genus Gymnocichla- Bare-crowned Antbird: Found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama.
  • Genus Rhopornis
    • Slender Antbird, Rhopornis ardesiaca: Endemic to Brazil.
  • Genus Hypocnemoides (2 species)
    • Black-chinned Antbird, Hypocnemoides melanopogon: Found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
    • Band-tailed Antbird, Hypocnemoides maculicauda: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru.
  • Genus Hylophylax (3 species)
    • Spotted Antbird, Hylophylax naevioides
    • Spot-backed Antbird, Hylophylax naevia
    • Dot-backed Antbird, Hylophylax punctulata: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru and Venezuela.
  • Genus Myrmeciza - paraphyletic (= some, but not all, of the descendants from a common ancestor)
    • Chestnut-tailed group (Pithyini)
    • Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird, Myrmeciza hemimelaena: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru. It is sometimes split into two species:
      • the Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird, Myrmeciza hemimelaena andthe Northern Chestnut-tailed Antbird, Myrmeciza castanea.
    • Northern Chestnut-tailed Antbird, Myrmeciza castanea: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru. It is sometimes split into two species:
      • the Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird, Myrmeciza hemimelaena and theNorthern Chestnut-tailed Antbird, Myrmeciza castanea.
    • Large dark group (close to Pyriglena)
    • Plumbeous Antbird, Myrmeciza hyperythra: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
    • Goeldi's Antbird, Myrmeciza goeldii: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru
    • White-shouldered Antbird, Myrmeciza melanoceps: Found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
    • Sooty Antbird, Myrmeciza fortis: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
    • Immaculate Antbird, Myrmeciza immaculata
    • Patterned breast group (close to Hypocnemoides and Hylophylax)
    • Ferruginous-backed Antbird, Myrmeciza ferruginea
    • Scalloped Antbird, Myrmeciza ruficauda: Endemic to Brazil.
    • White-bibbed Antbird, Myrmeciza loricata: Endemic to Brazil.
    • Squamate Antbird, Myrmeciza squamosa: Endemic to Brazil.
    • Grey-headed group
    • Grey-headed Antbird, Myrmeciza griseiceps: Found in Ecuador and Peru.
    • Dull-mantled Antbird, Myrmeciza laemosticta
    • Esmeraldas Antbird, Myrmeciza nigricauda
    • Stub-tailed Antbird, Myrmeciza berlepschi: Found in Colombia and Ecuador.
    • Yapacana Antbird, Myrmeciza disjuncta: Found in Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela.
    • White-bellied Antbird, Myrmeciza longipes
    • Chestnut-backed Antbird, Myrmeciza exsul
    • Gray-bellied Antbird, Myrmeciza pelzelni: Found in Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela.
    • Black-throated Antbird, Myrmeciza atrothorax: Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.

Unassigned

  • Genus Biatas- White-bearded Antshrike

Species Research by Sibylle Johnson



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